Daniel Kina PhD Interview

In partnership with ABC Trust and Dundee University, Daniel Kina has started a 3 year PhD focusing on the relationship between police and children living on the streets in the Sao Paulo area.

Next year he will be in Sao Paulo conducting research on street children with the support of our project partners.


1) What has been the hardest part of your work in terms of what you have seen or what keeps happening?

One of the biggest difficulties is the fact that when you are working with kids from deprived communities in Brazil, and especially Sao Paulo, you are working within a system that lacks all public services, from education to health to leisure and so on. From the very basic to the more specialised needs it is a constant effort and sometimes a battle to guarantee the preservation of the very minimum of the children’s basic rights.


This means some communities have established a cycle that gives the people no options for how to fight for a better life and in this sense it is the lack of hope that is definitely the worst aspect of this type of work.


2) From your experience, what are the main reasons that children end up on the street?

It is really difficult to tell what exactly are the reasons that a child ends up on the street as it normally is a mixture of so many issues going on for so long. However during my experience I had the opportunity to get to know different children . . .  Some were on the streets to run away from the violence they were facing at home or within their neighbourhoods, some were going to work to help the family, others were simply looking for an opportunity to do things in an active attempt to feel included. Although the reasons were diverse, in my point of view, they are all related to lack of opportunities and inadequate public services that are not able to address root causes.


3) What first hand forms of abuse have you been aware of in the families that you work with and why do you think this abuse happens?

Physical, psychological and sexual violence were the usual demands within the cases I followed. But neglect was definitely the most common form of violence I could see. It was there but it was difficult to define, because sometimes the parents were doing their best, but also needed support and sometimes the neglect was even deeper, coming from the State, and other times it was more deliberate and intended by the parents.


4) What effects does this abuse have on the children that you work with?

The impact can be enormous, it can determine the child’s personality, can limit psychologically and biologically the development of the child and can change drastically how this child will relate to other people.

There are a number of studies about how damaging experience of violence and neglect during childhood can be. Sometimes, violence is the only way that the child learns to deal with a certain situation and with no intervention this logic can become part of their routine, meaning violent reactions and relationships pass to the next generations in much more deep-rooted forms.



Read more about Team Brazil's fantastic Street Child World Cup results here!

Comic Relief Partnership

We are delighted to announce that Comic Relief has chosen ABC Trust to manage their small grants programme in Brazil!


PhD Candidate Daniel Kina


In partnership with ABC Trust and Dundee University, Daniel Kina has begun PhD research into street children in Brazil. More

#SaferFuture Appeal


With the eyes of the world on Brazil, we have launched our #SaferFuture Appeal to protect children across the country more

Art of Futebol

Click here to read about our Art of Futebol exhibition at Selfridges and auction at the Embassy of Brazil more

Gabriela's Story









Read about the life-changing effect our project had on Gabriela's life here

Top up your International Pay As You Go SIM from White Mobile and help support our projects in Brazil.